We keep having conversations about access to education, it is much harder to have the conversation about quality. Guatemala enacted a Family Planning law in 2009 with the intention of addressing the issue of teen pregnancy, but the follow through has been poor. Access to contraception remains a problem for teenagers due to conservative attitudes, cultural norms and the influence of the Catholic tradition. Teen pregnancy rates are very high, on the rise, and a major factor in drop out rates among girls. By age 18, almost 40%of Indigenous girls are married (almost twice the amount of their non-indigenous counterparts).
- It’s the first Peace Accord in Latin America to recognize violence against women and created specific mechanisms for indigenous women and to institutionalise peace.
- The communities, assigned to clusters, are described with their nurse team in Table1.
- The data is stored on a password-protected server at the University of Colorado.
- That section of the fence, consisting of steel bars 18 feet tall, was installed in 2009, some eight years before the Trump administration took office calling for a border wall.
In 2015, the Observatory Against Street Harassment was set up, which drew up a map of the places where women were most regularly subjected to harassment. As a punishment, they were illegally locked up in a classroom at the so-called Safe House where, prevented from using the bathroom, one of the girls set fire to one of the 22 pillows they had been given to sleep on in an attempt to be set free. The police who were guarding the classroom took nine minutes to open the doors after the fire started. Other victims of similar violence have never been found, as is the case with Cristina Siekavizza, a 33-year-old mother of two who has been missing since 2011. Her husband, Roberto Barreda, who is the son of the former president of the Supreme Court of Justice of Guatemala Ofelia de León, never revealed where he hid her body. Barreda died last year of Covid-19 while he was awaiting trial on charges of killing his wife after being extradited from Mexico in 2013.
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In 2003, in a groundbreaking decision, the International Court of Human Rights ordered the Guatemalan state to recognize its responsibility in the crime. The Guatemalan state apologized and recognized that government agents were responsible for her murder. They implemented reparations, including renaming the street where Myrna Mack was murdered. Between 1960 and 1996 more than 100,000 women were victims of mass rape in the Guatemalan civil war, between CIA-backed rightwing generals and leftwing insurgents, that evetually left 200,000 dead.
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Additionally, USAID helps build the technical and advocacy capacity of local LGBTI organizations, strengthening their leadership and negotiation skills, engagement strategies, and messaging on key gender issues. USAID supports proposals to more effectively criminalize violence against the LGBTI community and efforts to accurately evaluate the quality of services provided to the LGBTI community, especially with regard to justice and security. USAID empowers women by building platforms for civic participation and improving access to economic opportunities, quality education, health services, and justice. Other results of the 2011 elections were that only 18 women (14.1%) won seats in Congress . The number of indigenous candidates, men and women, was 22 with only three women (1.9%). These figures show the gaps and asymmetries in gender and ethnicity that are a characteristic of the National Congress, a sign of exclusion and racism that are part of the Guatemalan society and political system. Representation of women at the local level, in the 2011 elections only 7 women were elected as Major .
In the meantime, the courage of these women, who face rejection for speaking the truth, will help others who suffer rape as a weapon of war to become more visible. One in three indigenous women has no access to health and family planning services, according to WINGS, a reproductive rights organization in Guatemala. Gender gaps remain in nearly all areas of Guatemalan life, impacting women’s participation in the formal economy, their exercise of political and social leadership, and their access to goods, resources, and services. USAID fosters greater social inclusion in political processes in Guatemala by strengthening the civic and political participation of women so that they have a more prominent voice in decision-making, improved access to public services, and equal access to economic opportunities. The National Development Councils System, CODEDES, is the main channel to conduct public affairs in the democratic process of planning development, taking into account the principles of national unity and of Guatemala as a multicultural, multiethnic and multilingual nation. The political participation of women at this local level, according to official data for 2009, 190 women were part of the CODEDES along with 881 men. Women’s participation is still in minor seats with no decision taking responsibilities.
The conflict left more than 200,000 people dead and created an estimated one million refugees. We are distributing food packages and emergency cash transfers in vulnerable communities, with a focus on women and girls, people with disabilities, the elderly, single-parent households and survivors of gender-based violence. At 27 years old, she uses her music to defend the rights of indigenous Guatemalans, singing in her native Kaqchikel and Spanish. She gained national attention after uploading her song Ch’uti’ xtän (Niña) to social media, and her popularity has only risen from there as she continues to release music that is inspiring, powerful, and speaks directly of the hardships that indigenous people endure.
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We were able to obtain historical data about the number of enrollees/births by community to get a sense of the volume of births in each area. We combined some smaller communities into larger study clusters in order to obtain an expected birth rate of about 100 births per nurse team per year for a total of about 300 expected births in 1 year. Once the clusters were assigned by expected birth volume, which we expect to translate to eventual postpartum visits, the allocation sequence was generated. Finally, the pilot was conducted within a specific context and we need to use caution in generalizing findings to other settings. The intervention will need to be adapted to the diverse contexts of Guatemala to enable scaling-up.
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Proper pregnancy spacing can prevent maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality . In Guatemala, one prior study in a community close to our study site suggests about two-thirds of women reportedly have an unmet need for postpartum contraception .
Political Participation, for the 2011 elections 7, 340,841 were registered voters, 51% were women, showing a 46.9% increase from the 2007 registry. The most significant change was the participation of 6 women candidates as part of the 11 presidential nominations, two of them indigenous women, three were presidential candidates and three candidates to the vice-presidency. For the first time in Guatemalan political history a woman was elected to the Vice-presidency. To date no woman has been elected as President, but they have dating a Guatemalan woman been elected to preside the Judicial and Legislative Branches of Government. Notwithstanding the documented progress of the implementation, many of the commitments are still pending and their validity as a social pact continues to be weak. Regarding social conflict, the Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples, James Anaya, concluded that in the country there is a lack of respect, of the collective rights of the indigenous peoples, when they are not consulted about the process of mining exploration and exploitation.